A number of Labour Court rulings have found against employers that mistreated employees who underwent gender transition. Conversion therapy has a negative effect on the lives of LGBT people, and can lead to low self-esteem, depression and suicidal ideation. The South African Society of Psychiatrists states that "there is no scientific evidence that reparative or conversion therapy is effective in changing a person's sexual orientation. There is, however, evidence that this type of therapy can be destructive". Despite this, conversion therapy is believed to be performed in the country.
In February , owners of a conversion therapy camp were found guilty of murder, child abuse and assault with intent to do grievous bodily harm after three teens were found dead at the camp. The teens, reportedly, were punched, beaten with spades and rubber pipes, chained to their beds, not allowed to use the toilets at any time and were forced to eat soap and their own feces , all with the aim of "curing" their homosexuality.
During apartheid, Dr. Aubrey Levin led The Aversion Project , a medical torture programme designed to identity gay soldiers and forcedly "cure" their homosexuality. This included forced castration and shock therapy.
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The play is based on true events, where young Afrikaner men were subjected to conversion therapies. It deals with manhood, sexuality and acceptance, and shines a light on the horrors and atrocities of the practice.
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Men who have sex with men are allowed to donate blood , but any prospective donor who has had a new sexual partner of any gender in the last six months is deferred from donation. In , the then National Party leader denied accusations that he had paid a man for sex, by stating that he was a Boerseun farmer's son , implying that homosexuality was not something to be found among Afrikaners. South African gay rights organisations called for an apology.
There have been a number of cases in which gay women have been the victims of murder, beating or rape. For example, the NGO ActionAid has condemned the continued impunity and accused governments of turning a blind eye to reported murders of lesbians in homophobic attacks in South Africa; as well as to so-called corrective rapes , including cases among pupils, in which cases the male rapists purport to raping the lesbian victim with the intent of thereby "curing" her of her sexual orientation.
In May , Professor Juan Nel told Amnesty International that according to studies of three of the nine provinces of South Africa, gay men are victims of homophobic sexual assault as frequently as gay women are, and suggested that under-reporting by male victims and the media has created the perception that they are at less risk of the crime. Despite the occasional incidents of homophobia, gay people in major urban areas, such as Johannesburg , Pretoria , Durban and Cape Town , are fairly accepted, and all of these cities have a thriving gay nightlife.
Television and film produces programmes which also focus on gay life. Soap operas seem to be a space that showcases LGBT life, some of the more notable have been the long-running and now cancelled soap opera Egoli which featured a long-term gay relationship.
In the soap opera's current reincarnation as Generations:The Legacy there is a transgender woman character by the name of Wandile and her host of LGBT friends and associates. The telenovela Uzalo also features a gay character by the name of GC, who was embroiled in a church dispute about his sexuality, illustrating the rural and urban demographic perceptions about sexuality in South Africa. South Africa, due to its reputation as Africa's most gay-friendly destination, attracts thousands of LGBT tourists annually.
The Portrayal Of Gay And Gay
LGBT professionals are employed at major companies throughout the country. LGBT people are also targeted through various marketing campaigns, as the corporate world recognises the value of the Pink Rand. The Dutch Reformed Church ruled that gay members should not be discriminated against and can hold positions within the church. However, much criticism of the church still exists; a court has ruled against a church congregation for firing a gay musician; the issue provoked much uproar from the gay community and within liberal circles.
The decision was reversed in , but reinstated in Although the constitutional and legal system in South Africa theoretically ensure equality, social acceptance is generally lacking, especially outside of urban areas in the eastern half of the country. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: Same-sex marriage in South Africa.
See also: Pride parades in South Africa.
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LGBT social movements
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